It’s difficult to learn functional programming without hearing about continuations. Often they’re mentioned while talking about boosting the performance of pure functional code, sometimes there’s talk of control flow, and occasionally with ‘time-travel’ thrown in there to make it all seem more obscure. It’s all true, but let’s start from the beginning.
NixOS is a Linux distribution with declarative
configuration management. Your system configuration is specified in a
set of files, and can run a command to update your system to the current
specification. A consequence of this is that your entire system
configuration can be versioned.
Unification is a vital process in the implementation of Hindley-Damas-Milner
type inference. In the original paper
it is mentioned in passing as assumed knowledge, so here is an explanation of
unification in with a little help from the HM type theory.
LINQ is a system that provides a flexible query interface for .NET languages.
It allows a user to write queries over arbitrary data using an in-built
SQL-like syntax. This syntactic sugar is mapped to method calls at compile time,
so any data structure that implements the correct methods can be used with LINQ.
With so many programming languages and frameworks at our disposal, it is
too easy to believe that knowledge of many tools is the defining characteristic
of a good programmer. However, many experienced programmers will assert that
it isn’t the languages you know, but your ability to solve problems that
defines you as a programmer.
Monad transformers combine the functionality of two monads into one. They are often used
as a way to “flatten” nested monads, but are also used to enable interactions between
monads that, when used seperately, would be incredibly difficult to implement.